Ecological Study of Different Communities Site from District Lower Dir Laram Timargara Khyber Pakhtun Khwa Pakistan

  • Shakir Ullah Department of Botany, Govt Post Graduate Collage Timargara, Lower Dir, Pakistan

Abstract

In the present research work the ecological community study was carried out of District Lower Dir Laram Timargara Khyber Pakhtun Khwa Pakistan. Salvia- Cynodon-Berberis community (SCB). This community comprises a total of 24 plants species. Among these 16 are herbaceous plants, 8 are shrubby plants, while there is no single tree species found in this community. The community is dominated by Salvia moocruftiana Wall, Cynodon dactylon and Berberis lyceum. The Species richness (S.R) is 1.31055873, similarity index (S.I) is 33.33333 and its Maturity index (M.I) is 49. Verbascum-Buddleja-Cotoneaster community (VBC).This community comprises a total of 23 plants species. Among these 10 are herbaceous, 8 are shrubby plants, while the remaining 5 plants are tree species. The community is dominated by Verbascum thapsus, Buddleja crispa and Cotoneaster nummularia. Species richness (S.R) of the community is 1.499237, similarity index (S.I) is 30.188679 while its Maturity index (M.I) is 46. Cyperus- Calotropis- Ziziphus community (CCZ).This community comprises a total of 32 plants species. Among these 20 are herbaceous, 8 are shrubby plants, while the remaining 5 plants are tree species. The community is dominated by Cypres rotundus, Calotropis procera and Cotoneaster nummularia. The Spcies richness (S.R) of the community is 1.146771, similarity index (SI) is 24.39024 and its Maturity index (M.I) is 58.3783. The aim of the present study to explore the flora of Laram Timargara Mountains.

Journal of Botany
Published
2019-09-19
How to Cite
Ullah, S. (2019). Ecological Study of Different Communities Site from District Lower Dir Laram Timargara Khyber Pakhtun Khwa Pakistan. Journal of Botany, 1(1), 60 - 78. https://doi.org/10.33195/uochjb-v1i1342017